Irony can be confusing, especially since people often use it incorrectly. The way most people think of irony is as a coincidence or a bad twist of fate, but that’s not what irony is. There are three main types of irony: dramatic irony, verbal irony, and situational irony. Here is some information on irony plus some cute videos that talk about what irony is (and also what it’s not).
Dramatic irony is when the reader/audience knows what’s going on in a text/movie, but the characters/actors don’t; the resulting character actions/thoughts/interactions are what cause dramatic irony.
Dramatic Irony- Christopher Warner
Verbal irony is where someone says the opposite of what they mean (whether cruelly or innocently) and sarcasm is a subcategory of this (the cruel kind).
Verbal Irony- Christopher Warner
Situational irony is when something happens that is the opposite of what we thought was going to happen (i.e. if you thought it might happen or it would be funny if it happened it’s not irony).
Situational Irony- Christopher Warner